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Author: EMWA

Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associates > Articles posted by EMWA

Emery Mukendi Wafwana admitted as an Advocate to the DRC Supreme Court of Justice

Following Decision n° 04/CO/BCSJ/ADM/16 of 8th April 2016 of the Bar Council of the Supreme Court of Justice, Counsel Emery Mukendi Wafwana was admitted to and registered with the Roll of Advocates of the Supreme Court of Justice. On this 22nd April 2016, he was sworn in at the Supreme Court of Justice. Counsel Emery Mukendi Wafwana’s admission to the Supreme Court enhances our firm’s ability to better represent clients in legal cassation proceedings as regards private law (civil, criminal, commercial) as well as in special proceedings in the Court of Cassation, to wit: actions against judges, referral of matters to appropriate...

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Upio Kakura Wapol, certified Doctor at law

Before a panel of eminent professors of the Law Faculty of the University of Kinshasa, formerly known as Louvanium, namely Professor Marie-Thérèse Kenge NgombaTshilombayi, Dean of the Law Faculty and chairperson of the panel, Roger Kola Gonze, Grégoire Bakandejawa Mpungu, Jean-Michel Kumbuki Ngimbi, Victor Mboyo Empengeea Longila, Gustave Beya Siku and Jean-Paul Shotsha Katshunga., Counsel Upio Kakura Wapol submitted his doctoral dissertation on « The legal system of commercial airports – Input to the study of Congolese airport law » dated 2 march 2016. Following a brilliant defence of his thesis, and after deliberation, the panel officially recognised him as Doctor at...

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Registration of a private security company in South Africa

By Fulgence Kalema Bwatunda Currently, the private security industry in South Africa is bigger than what it has ever been. The role of private security companies is distinctively different to that of the police, they view their role as private security to really aid and support the police. The South African government claims that it is an industry that threatens national security and is determined to tighten its regulation. The amount of registered companies has increased by 61% and the amount of registered security officers by 111%. There is also a big involvement of foreign companies investing in the South African security...

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Outline of the new Insurance Code of the DRC

By Pathy Liongo and Alain Kasende In its path to the stabilization of business climate and protection of private investments, the Democratic Republic of the Congo ("DRC") has just completed the reforming process of its insurance sector, one of the basic activities for the economic and social development of the country. This reform is accomplished by the Law No 15/005 of 17 March 2015 on Insurance Code ("Insurance Code"), promulgated by the President of the Republic on 17 March 2015 and recently published in the Official Gazette[1]. This new Insurance Code represents a real revolution in this sector, which has been...

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Congo : The Bill on hydrocarbons Code passed by the cabinet

Antoine Luntadila Kibanga  The Republic of the Congo, (“The Congo «) is an African country, located in Central Africa. It is a member of several regional organizations such as the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa ("CEMAC"), the Economic Community of Central African States ("CEEAC"), and the Association of African Petroleum Producers ("APPA"). Its economy is dominated by the oil sector, which represents more than 60 % of the country’s GDP, despite numerous efforts to diversify the country’s sources of income. Twenty years after the enforcement of the hydrocarbons code; it was time for the government, following the assessment of the code thereof,...

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Recent measures on the form of the articles of association and the minimum capital of SARL in the DRC: advantages and weaknesses

The Minister of Justice and Human Rights and the Minister of Finance in the DRC signed jointly in December 30, 2014 theinterdepartmental Order No. 002/CAB/MIN/JGS &DH/014 and No. 243/CAB/MIN/FINANCES/2014 determining the form of the Articles of Association and the minimum capital of a limited liability company. According to this order, the following provisions must henceforth apply to single-member and multi-member SARL: (1) the Articles of Association are established by notarial deed or private agreement (article 1); (2) the share capital is freely set by the shareholders, taking into account the business (article 2); (3) the pay-in slip cleared by a credit or microfinance...

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Ratification to the treaty relating to Grand Inga Hydroelectric Project

In accordance with articles 213 paragraph 1 and 214 paragraph 1 of the Constitution of February 18, 2006 as amended to date, the President of the Democratic Republic of Congo («DRC”) promulgated on the 21st November 2014 the Law No. 14/026 authorizing the ratification by the DRC of the Treaty relating to the Grand Inga hydroelectric project between the Republic of South Africa («RSA») and itself. I. PURPOSE OF THE TREATY The Inga Project aims at building a hydroelectric complex on the Congo River, on the site named Inga Site whose installations are based in the West of the DRC, 150 km...

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Entry into force of 1958 New York Convention in DRC

By Antoine Luntadila Kibanga The UN Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards signed in New York on June 10, 1958, (« The New York Convention »), has been ratified in Democratic Republic of the Congo ("DRC") through Law No 13/023 dated June 26, 2013 authorizing the accession of DRC to the Convention in accordance with article 215 of the Constitution[1]. In compliance with article 12.2 of the New York Convention, its coming into force with regard to DRC, acceding State, had to be effective within ninety (90) days after the submission of instruments of accession or ratification by DRC....

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Deforestation Tax: Problematic of Tax Liability of Mining Titleholders

For some time, mining companies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are facing the National Forest Fund, (“Fonds Forestier National”), a technical and financial public establishment set up by the law N° 011/2002 of 29 August 2002 relating to the Forestry Code (“Forestry Code”) for the payment of the “deforestation tax” as a result of the deforestation made by them concerning the mining areas covered by their mining titles. With regard to the taxes, customs and other duties and levies regime applicable to the mining titleholders provided for in the Law n° 007/2002 of11 July 2002 relating to the Mining Code...

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USA: Business Structures Available for Foreign Investors

Nady Mayifuila and Pascale Longuet The choice for the appropriate legal structure to transact business in the United States (“U.S.”) depends on a combination of factors relevant to a specific activity or sector, as well as on the needs and goals of the investor. The following paper is neither an attempt to define the criteria necessary to make such a decision nor, a fortiori, a substitute for the review of the particular project by an attorney. The aim of this article is to provide potential investors with a pragmatic overview of the American corporate legal and cultural environment, including the means...

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May a foreign financial institution act as security interests agent in the DRC

By Arnaud Tshibangu Mukendi[1] Introduction The Democratic Republic of the Congo (the "DRC") has ratified the founding treaty of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (hereinafter "OHADA[2]") dated July 12, 2012, which entered into force on September 12, 2012. The DRC has become, since then, the seventeenth member state of OHADA[3]. Consequently, all the OHADA Uniform Acts are part of the Congolese law and are directly applicable and binding within its territory without any further legal steps internally[4]. The OHADA Uniform Acts include the revised Uniform Act on security interests (hereinafter “UAS”), adopted on December 15, 2010. The...

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A New Legal Framework to Promote the Public-Private Partnership in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

By Upio Kakura Wapol On February 11, 2014, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enacted the Law No 14/005 creating tax, customs and parafiscal system of non-tax revenues and exchange control system applicable to Cooperation Agreements and Cooperation Projects, "PPP Law". This law is substantiated by the will of the DRC to implement a public-private partnership aimed at raising significant funds to further the implementation of huge reconstruction and development programme designed to provide the country with core infrastructures in order to upgrade the social welfare of population. The cooperation agreement and cooperation projects shall be the subject of the private-public...

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South Africa: Farewell to Nelson Mandela, Father of our Nation

All South Africans and indeed the world join us in this deep sense of loss and sadness on the death of our beloved founder, revered statesman and human-rights activist, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. With a sense of personal loss for each of us for the man who had become the father of our democratic nation. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a man, whose dedication to the struggle against apartheid, injustice and opposition to domination moulded him into a beacon and a symbol for human-rights movements across the world. A man that made a conscious decision to change wrongs. His commitment in breaking the...

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Democratic Republic of the Congo (in The Mining Law Review, November 2012)

"Democratic Republic of Congo" in The Mining Law Review, Law Business Research, November 2012 . By Emery Mukendi Wafwana, Edmond Cibamba Diata, Nady Mayifuila, Jonathan van Kempen, and Eric Mumwena Kasonga. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (‘the DRC’) is immensely rich in natural resources and holds some of the largest deposits anywhere in the world. The country holds one-third of the world’s reserves of cobalt and one-tenth of its copper reserves and contains 80 per cent of world reserves of columbite-tantalite (‘coltan’). The DRC holds the largest known reserves of diamonds and the largest undeveloped gold deposits in the world. The country also...

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The DRC New Agricultural Law No. 11 /22 of December 24, 2011

"The DRC New Agricultural Law No. 11 /22 of December 24, 2011" in Africa Law Today, Vol. 4, Issue 3, 2012 By Jonathan van Kempen and Nady Mayifuila The Democratic Republic of the Congo (the “DRC”) is a large agricultural country with 80 million hectares of arable land of which only 10 percent are currently exploited. The DRC is the second country in terms of arable land available for cultivation activities after Brazil and has the capacity to feed around two billion people. However, despite its large tracts of arable land, its major river system, its variety of climates, its fisheries potential...

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Maître Emery nominé Expert du Droit minier par « Who’s Who of Mining Lawyers 2012 »

L'International « Who’s Who of Mining Lawyers 2012 » nomine Maître Emery MUKENDI WAFWANA, Expert du Droit minier Maître Emery MUKENDI WAFWANA, Avocat en RDC et Legal Consultant admis à exercer à New York, a été nominé par le magazine International « Who’s Who of Mining Lawyers 2012 » comme Expert juridique dans la pratique du Droit minier en raison de ses prestations et publications dans le secteur. En effet, à la suite de recherches, des études et des opinions des clients, de cabinets d’avocats, et autres juristes spécialisés en droit minier dans le monde entier, 287 experts œuvrant dans 47 juridictions et pouvant...

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Mines and money – Hong-Kong 2012 : Exposition de Emery Mukendi Wafwana & Associates, P.C.

  Il se tiendra à Hong-Kong, du 19 au 23 mars 2012 la cinquième conférence internationale sur les Mines et les Finances « Mines & Money ». Cette conférence regroupera plus de 2500 participants et 300 stands d’exposition pendant une durée totale de 5 jours. Mines & Money se positionne actuellement comme le plus important évènement pour mobiliser des capitaux dans le domaine minier. Elle est devenue une importante destination pour les investisseurs australiens en Asie au même titre que le PDAC l’est pour l’Amérique du Nord et INDABA pour l’Afrique.  Il est par ailleurs prévu deux journées d’exposition et de conférence qui se...

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South Africa: “Investing in African Mining Indaba” à Cape Town du 6 au 9 février 2012

La conférence annuelle « Investing in African Mining Indaba » tenue à Cape Town du 6 au 9 février 2012 n’a pas échappé à l’intérêt de Cabemery & Partners (PTY) Ltd qui y a participé au travers de ses Avocats Fulgence KALEMA, Alex MBIKAYI. Il s’agit d’un des plus grand rassemblement mondial des acteurs du secteur minier qui regroupe, depuis plusieurs années, les décideurs et acteurs de l’industrie minière en Afrique. Avec plus de 6500 personnes représentant plus de 1000 entreprises internationales et environ 40 délégations de gouvernements africains et non africains.    « C’était donc une excellente occasion pour notre firme d’établir et de...

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South Africa: Les gagnants et les perdants du Mining Indaba 2012

(Agence Ecofin) - La quasi-totalité du gotha minier mondial était-là les 6-7-8-9 février 2012. Dans ce Davos minier, difficile d’imaginer que les décideurs réunis au Cap, comme chaque année depuis 18 ans, étaient en guerre. Une guerre économique feutrée. Car au-delà des politesses et des manifestations de bonnes intentions, Mining Indaba 2012 aura été un vrai bal de stratèges. 100 pays, 1200 entreprises, 7200 professionnels Quasiment tous étaient présents  au Cap, en Afrique du Sud, de 6 au 9 février 2012, à l’occasion du plus grand salon minier africain: dirigeants politiques, investisseurs internationaux, experts miniers, analystes financiers, avocats d’affaires, conseils en stratégie,...

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Clôture du colloque sur la politique de distribution des terres en RDC

(Radio Okapi) La spoliation des terres et les constructions anarchiques ont un impact négatif sur le développement de la République démocratique du Congo. Pour résoudre ce problème, il faut sanctionner les auteurs qui se recrutent parmi les agents des services de l’Etat et certaines personnalités de la RD Congo. C’est l’une des conclusions qui ont sanctionné la clôture, samedi 4 février 2012 à Kinshasa, du colloque sur la politique de distribution des terres en RDC. Pendant deux jours, conservateurs des titres immobiliers et chefs de division du cadastre ont réfléchi sur l’épineux problème des constructions anarchiques en RDC. Au cours de ces...

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